The Inflation Reduction Act lowers energy costs for consumers and small businesses while creating good-paying jobs as America’s clean energy economy and manufacturing sectors grow. Learn more below on how you or your family can save on utility bills, get support to purchase electric vehicles and energy-saving appliances, and access the economic opportunities of the clean energy future.
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Buying a Heat Pump Could Get You Thousands in Federal Tax Credits and State Rebates
The Inflation Reduction Act is packed with provisions to incentivize homeowners to make energy-efficiency upgrades to their home, including installing high-efficiency heating, cooling, and water-heating equipment such as fuel-conserving furnaces, boilers, and wood stoves.
But the largest credits and rebates are available for heat pumps, a high-efficiency system that heats and cools your home in place of a furnace (or boiler) and an air conditioner. When coupled with cleaner electricity sources, a heat pump can be a sustainable way to control the temperature indoors. And while older heat pumps struggled in cold climates, many of the latest models can even work well in frigid winter temperatures.
Our reporting has found that heat pumps can be more cost-effective than other heating systems over the long term. And in some parts of the country, they already cost less to install than other kinds of HVAC systems.
However, the initial purchase price of a heat pump can remain high in some areas, especially in cold climates. In a June 2022 nationally representative CR survey (PDF) of 2,103 U.S. adults, 21 percent of people who expressed they would not or might not be interested in using a heat pump in their home in the future said one reason is that “they seem expensive to buy/install.”
These new incentives could make heat pump installations much more affordable. “Consumers can seriously consider a heat pump now if they’re on a limited budget,” says Shanika Whitehurst, CR’s associate director of product sustainability, research, and testing.
Why Heat Pumps?
Heat pumps are ideal for California’s dry, temperate climate and can be used for space heating, air conditioning, and water heating. Heat pumps also give customers greater control than conventional technologies, which leads to more comfortable homes.
According to the California Air Resources Board, 85% of on-site building emissions come from space and water heating and cooling. Heat pumps are key to decarbonizing buildings and achieving California’s zero-carbon goals.
How You Can Save Money
From making home weatherization and efficiency upgrades, to installing new electric appliances, to purchasing an electric vehicle or rooftop solar system – learn how the Inflation Reduction Act will help cover the costs and save you money each month on your bills.
Tax Credits and Rebates for Families
When homes need to replace their heating or cooling systems, families can get tax credits for efficient heat pumps that ensure comfortable home temperatures. By doing the job of both a furnace and air conditioner, heat pumps work to keep homes warm in the winter and cool in the summer.
Right now, households can receive a $300 tax credit for purchasing a heat pump. The total of current and previous years credits, including those for energy efficiency improvements, high efficiency furnace and air conditioners cannot exceed $500.
Starting next year, households will be able to claim a tax credit for 30% of the costs of buying and installing a heat pump, up to $2,000 including support for any electric system upgrades needed to make the home heat-pump-ready.
Beginning in 2023 state programs will offer low- and moderate-income households rebates for heat pumps at the point-of-sale, cutting costs of purchase and installation up to $8,000. If home electrical upgrades are needed to integrate new heat pumps, rebates of up to $4,000 will also be available to households.
Heat Pump Provisions in the Inflation Reduction Act
If you opt to install a heat pump, you’ll be eligible for a federal tax credit for models that achieve the Consortium for Energy Efficiency’s (CEE) highest tier for efficiency.
This tax credit is good for 30 percent of the total cost of what you paid for your heat pump, including the cost of labor, up to $2,000; and it would be available through the end of 2032.
Beyond the tax incentive, you also could be eligible for up to $1,750 for a heat pump water heater and $8,000 for a heat pump for space heating and cooling. Both incentives would be in the form of a state-administered rebate on any heat pump model. In this case, there are no federal efficiency requirement guidelines beyond the minimum standards required by the Department of Energy. But based on how similar programs have operated in the past, states may implement their own requirements, says Lauren Urbanek, a senior energy policy advocate at the Natural Resources Defense Council. These rebate incentives are part of a program with $4.5 billion in federal funding, available through September 2031.
Who Qualifies for a Heat Pump Tax Credit or Rebate
Any taxpayer would qualify for the federal tax credits.
For the tax credit program, the new incentives will apply to equipment installed on January 1, 2023 or later. (A smaller tax credit of up to $300 for a heat pump meeting the CEE’s top tier of efficiency is available for heat pumps installed during 2022.)
As for the rebate programs, Urbanek says it would be “surprising” if they turn out to apply retroactively. The rebates depend on income. Specifically:
- If your household income is less than 80 percent of your state’s median household income, you are eligible for 100 percent of the rebates available. So if you spend $10,000 on a heat pump and a heat pump water heater, you could get $9,750 back, depending on the specifics of your state’s rebate program.
- If your household income is 80 percent to 150 percent of your state’s median income, you are eligible for 50 percent of the rebates available. So for a $10,000 heat pump and heat pump water heater, you could get $4,875 back, depending on specifics.
- If your household income is more than 150 percent of your state’s median income, you are not eligible for these rebates.
Heat Pump Installation Tax Credits
You can also claim up to $1,200 in total tax credits per year on a wide range of expenditures related to certain efficiency upgrades, including for heat pumps. These include but are not limited to:
- $600 for air-sealing materials or systems, which can improve your home’s overall energy efficiency
- $150 for a home energy audit, which can point out ways you can improve your overall energy efficiency
- $600 for upgrading your electrical supply if it’s required for efficiency projects—for example, in order to power an electric heat pump when you previously used natural gas to heat your home
State-administered rebates on efficiency and electrification upgrades associated with installing your heat pump may also be available for low- and moderate-income households. Parameters of who qualifies and for how much would be decided by the state according to your household income measured against your state’s median household income. This includes:
- $1,600 for insulation, air sealing, and ventilation
- $4,000 for upgrades to your electrical panel and service
- $2,500 for electrical wiring
Combining State and Federal Initiatives
Several states (or utility companies within those states) already have rebate programs for these kinds of efficiency upgrades. Whether you will be able to combine these new rebates with existing rebate programs is currently murky, and there’s much that’s yet to be determined.
According to the NRDC’s Urbanek, it’s likely that the Department of Energy will take a few months to issue guidance to state-level energy departments, and then those states will likely need time themselves to figure out how to implement these rebates. “The details are going to be really important, and some of that will be left up to the discretion of either the state or the DOE, depending on how they interpret the law,” she says.
That said, as long as your state’s existing rebate program does not rely on federal funding, then theoretically you could combine both rebates, according to David Smedick, senior associate for the Carbon-Free Buildings Program at RMI, an independent clean-energy nonprofit. The program laid out in the Inflation Reduction Act “does not exclude a consumer from stacking additional state incentive dollars,” he says, though “states will have to evaluate their existing programs to see if they want or need to make changes.”
How to Apply for a Heat Pump Tax Credit or Rebate
For the tax credits, you’d claim them on your federal income tax returns. We’re not yet sure which form you’ll need to complete, but in previous years, IRS Form 5695 was used for a similar residential energy credits program. A good tax preparer will know what to use, and programs like TurboTax often guide you in a way that makes it easy to claim relevant tax credits.
The rebate programs will vary from state to state, and are yet to be determined. They could be implemented through utility companies, or through state-run agencies, according to Urbanek. She also points out a line in the bill that seems to encourage the DOE and state programs to work together to make the rebates accessible at the point of sale—building it into the out-of-pocket cost for consumers. “Bringing down the price from the start makes it a lot more equitable than something like a tax credit, where you’d have to wait [perhaps] upward of a year for a tax credit, or even a [typical] rebate program where you have to mail it in and wait a couple of months,” Urbanek says.
Aire-Tech Can Help With Rebate Programs
At Aire-Tech, we can help keep your home at the optimal temperature! We give you countless resources to help you explore and learn about HVAC options, including incentive programs. We work closely with agencies to pass on savings programs and information to our valued customers.
If your system needs repair or inspection, call Aire-Tech on 951-926-1002. You can also visit our Contact page and complete the contact form.